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what is acne

What you need to know about acne

Acne is one of the most common chronic skin conditions.

Which leads to various skin problems such as pimples and spots. Cysts, blackheads, whiteheads and nodules are all different types of acne.

Usually, acne occurs during puberty when the sebaceous (oil) glands are most active and secrete excessive oil to plug the skin’s pores. In some cases, it can even occur even after adulthood. Other than the face, acne can also occur on back, neck, chest, upper arms and shoulders.

The clogging of pores begins with dead skin cells. The excess secretion of sebum further sticks the dead skin cells inside the pore, leading to acne. This clogging is the perfect environment for Propionibacterium acnes, the bacteria that live in our skin, to multiply. As a result, the pores get inflamed, which when goes deep into the skin, leads to the appearance of a nodule or an acne cyst.

causes of acne

If the opened pores are large, the clogs form into blackheads which are small spots with dark centers while, the small openings form whiteheads which look like flesh-colored bumps. Both of these can further develop into inflammations, pimples, nodules or deeper lumps.

Acne occurs primarily due to hormonal imbalance, stress, anxiety, hot and humid climate, using oil-based make-up and an irregular diet. Popping the acne should be strictly avoided as it leaves permanent scars on the skin.

acne causes - stressStress
acne causes - Hormonal ImbalanceHormonal Imbalance
acne causes - AnxietyAnxiety
acne causes - Oil-based Make-upOil-based Make-up
acne causes - Irregular DietIrregular Diet

The case of acne can be severe for people with oily skin. But, it can be curbed down at the initial stage by washing the face with AcneStar soap and application of the AcneStar gel, twice in a day.

Different stages of acne

  • STAGE - 1
  • STAGE - 2
  • STAGE - 3
  • STAGE - 4
  • Severity

    Milder form
  • Area

    Nose, Forehead
  • Inflammation or Redness

    No
  • Different Stages of Acne - Stage 1
  • Severity

    Moderate form
  • Area

    Nose, Forehead, Cheeks, Chin
  • Inflammation or Redness

    Slight inflammation
  • Different Stages of Acne - Stage 2
  • Severity

    Severe form
  • Area

    Nose, Chest, Shoulder, Upper back, Face
  • Inflammation or Redness

    More inflammation & profuse reddening
  • Different Stages of Acne - Stage 3
  • Severity

    Serious form
  • Area

    Entire back, Face, Neck, Chest, Upper arms, Shoulders
  • Inflammation or Redness

    Pronounced inflammation & very painful turning into scars
  • Different Stages of Acne - Stage 4
  • 01 Acne
    • 01What is Acne
      • Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells.

    • 02Types of Acne
      • it is absolutely imperative to know its type. Acne can be inflammatory or non-inflammatory which further has different lesions, as mentioned below.

    • 03How it Occurs
      • Acne starts occurring in teenagers due to an increase in the level of Androgen production. Androgen is a hormone which signals the body to produce more sebum, the oil produced by the sebaceous glands.

    • 04Whom Does Acne Affect?
      • Acne is a skin condition that occurs when your hair follicles become plugged with oil and dead skin cells. It often causes whiteheads, blackheads or pimples, and usually appears on the face, forehead, chest, upper back and shoulders. Acne is most common among teenagers, though it affects people of all ages.

    • 05Acne Myths
      • Debunk acne myths by following a proper skincare regimen. Taking good care of your skin can help you achieve a glowing and acne-free skin.

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